Basic STP Configuration

This section describes a basic, 802.1D STP configuration. The following figure illustrates a network that uses VLAN tagging for trunk connections.

The following four VLANs have been defined:

Two STPDs are defined:

The carrier and protected VLANs are also defined:

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Multiple STPDs
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When the switches in this configuration boot-up, STP configures each STPD such that the topology contains no active loops. STP could configure the topology in a number of ways to make it loop-free.

In the following figure, the connection between switch A and switch B is put into blocking state, and the connection between switch Y and switch Z is put into blocking state. After STP converges, all the VLANs can communicate, and all bridging loops are prevented.

The protected VLAN Marketing, which has been assigned to both STPD1 and STPD2, communicates using all five switches. The topology has no loops, because STP has already blocked the port connection between switch A and switch B and between switch Y and switch Z.

Within a single STPD, you must be extra careful when configuring your VLANs. The following figure illustrates a network that has been incorrectly set up using a single STPD so that the STP configuration disables the ability of the switches to forward VLAN traffic.

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Incorrect Tag-Based STPD Configuration
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The tag-based network in the following figure has the following configuration:

STP can block traffic between switch 1 and switch 3 by disabling the trunk ports for that connection on each switch.

Switch 2 has no ports assigned to VLAN Marketing. Therefore, if the trunk for VLAN Marketing on switches 1 and 3 is blocked, the traffic for VLAN Marketing will not be able to traverse the switches.

Note

Note

If an STPD contains multiple VLANs, all VLANs should be configured on all ports in that domain, except for ports that connect to hosts (edge ports).