spanning-tree backbonefast

Use this command to enable the detection of indirect link failures and accelerate spanning tree convergence on PVSTP configured switches.

Backbonefast accelerates finding an alternate path when an indirect link to the root port goes down.

Backbonefast can be configured even if the switch is configured for MST(RSTP) or PVST mode. It only has an effect when the switch is configured for the PVST mode.

If a backbonefast-enabled switch receives an inferior BPDU from its designated switch on a root or blocked port, it sets the maximum aging time on the interfaces on which it received the inferior BPDU if there are alternate paths to the designated switch. This allows a blocked port to immediately move to the listening state where the port can be transitioned to the forwarding state in the normal manner.

On receipt of an inferior BPDU from a designated bridge, backbonefast enabled switches send a Root Link Query (RLQ) request to all non-designated ports except the port from which it received the inferior BPDU. This check validates that the switch can receive packets from the root on ports where it expects to receive BPDUs. The port from which the original inferior BPDU was received is excluded because it has already encountered a failure. Designated ports are excluded as they do not lead to the root.

On receipt of an RLQ response, if the answer is negative, the receiving port has lost connection to the root and its BPDU is immediately aged out. If all nondesignated ports have already received a negative answer, the whole bridge has lost the root and can start the STP (Spanning Tree Protocol) calculation from scratch.

If the answer confirms the switch can access the root bridge on a port, it can immediately age out the port on which it initially received the inferior BPDU.

A bridge that sends an RLQ puts its bridge ID in the PDU. This ensures that it does not flood the response on designated ports.

A bridge that receives an RLQ and has connectivity to the root forwards the query toward the root through its root port.

A bridge that receives a RLQ request and does not have connectivity to the root (switch bridge ID is different from the root bridge ID in the query) or is the root bridge immediately answers the query with its root bridge ID.

RLQ responses are flooded on designated ports.

Default NA
Format spanning-tree backbonefast
Mode Global Config