This section describes the RSVP objects that are used to establish RSVP-TE LSPs:
- Label request
- Record route
- Session attribute
Label: The label object is carried in the reserve message and is used to communicate a next hop label for the requested tunnel endpoint IP address upstream towards the sender.
Label Request: To create an RSVP-TE LSP, the sender on the MPLS path creates an RSVP path message and inserts the label request object into the path message.
A label request object specifies that a label binding for the tunneled path is requested. It also provides information about the network layer protocol that is carried by the tunnel. The network layer protocol sent through a tunnel is not assumed to be IP and cannot be deduced from the Layer 2 protocol header, which simply identifies the higher layer protocol as MPLS. Therefore, the Layer 3 Protocol ID (PID) value must be set in the Label Request Object, so that the egress node can properly handle the tunneled data.
NoteThe ExtremeXOS RSVP-TE implementation supports only Label Request objects with no Label Range. Label Ranges are used to signal ATM VPI/VCI or Frame Relay DLCI information for the LSP. These types of Label Requests are not supported. In the ExtremeXOS RSVP-TE implementation, the L3 PID value, which identifies the Layer 3 protocol of the encapsulated traffic, is always set to 0x0800 (IP).
Explicit Route: The explicit route object specifies the route of the traffic as a sequence of nodes. Nodes may be loosely or strictly specified.
- Has a high likelihood of meeting the QoS requirements of the tunnel.
- Uses the network resources efficiently.
- Satisfies policy criteria.
If any of the above criteria are met, the sender can decide to use the explicit route for some or all of its sessions. To do this, the sender node adds an explicit route object to the path message.
After the session has been established, the sender node can dynamically reroute the session (if, for example, if discovers a better route) by changing the explicit route object.
Record Route: The record route object is used by the sender to receive information about the actual route traversed by the RSVP-TE LSP. It is also used by the sender to request notification if there are changes to the routing path. Intermediate or transit nodes can optionally use the RRO to provide loop detection.
To use the object, the sender adds the record route object to the path message.
- Setup and hold priorities
- Resource affinities
- Local protection