The Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol specifies an election protocol that dynamically assigns responsibility for a virtual router to one of the VRRP routers on a LAN. The VRRP router controlling the IP address(es) associated with a virtual router is called the master router, and forwards packets sent to these IP addresses. The election process provides dynamic failover in the forwarding responsibility should the master router become unavailable. In case the master router fails, the virtual IP address is mapped to a backup router's IP address; this backup becomes the master router. This allows any of the virtual router IP addresses on the LAN to be used as the default first-hop router by end-hosts. The advantage gained from using VRRP is a higher availability default path without requiring configuration of dynamic routing or router discovery protocols on every host. VRRP is defined in RFC 2338.